The Illinois Medical Power of Attorney Form is a unique kind of Durable Power of Attorney Agreement, that gives the Attorney-in-Fact the power to make decisions about the Principal’s medical care. This is the only kind of agreement that can do this; If the Principal wishes to grant the Attorney-in-Fact other powers, they will need a separate document to do so. This kind of agreement is generally Springing, and will only go into effect when the Principal is incapacitated.
Under Illinois State Law, a Medical Power of Attorney Agreement (known legally as a Durable Power of Attorney for Health Care) is not automatically combined with a Living Will (known as a Declaration) although the two forms can be combined into one Durable Power of Attorney for Health Care. If the Principal wishes to grant the Attorney-in-Fact power to make decisions about the Principal’s End of Life care, they should be sure to include that in this form.