The Wyoming Rental Lease Agreements are legal documents that allow a property owner or manager to lease out their property to another party, for commercial or residential reasons. There are a variety of different leases required, depending on the length of the lease or the type of property. Selling or leasing property in Wyoming requires a Real Estate Broker License.
Due to the wide variety of leases, not to mention the different kind of properties they can cover, each lease is completely unique. In order to minimize the risk of misunderstanding a clause in a lease and breaking it by accident, each lease should be carefully read. Residential leases are required to contain simple, clear language to prevent this from happening.
Form Description Types
Wyoming Rental Laws
Laws are pursuant to Wyoming State Statutes, Title 1-21-1201 to 1-21-1211.
Almost all landlords will want to charge a security deposit, to account for the possibility of the tenant leaving without paying rent. In Wyoming there are no statutory limits to how much a landlord can charge for a security deposit, although there may be limits on the county or city level. The landlord is required to return the deposit within thirty (30) days of the tenant moving out or fifteen (15) days after receiving the tenant’s new address, whichever is later. If the landlord needs to deduct from the deposit in order to pay for repairs, they may take an extra thirty (30) days before returning the deposit.
Regardless of the type or length of lease, all of the rules involving rent will be spelled out in the lease itself. As there are no rent controlled communities in Wyoming, there is no legal limit to how much a landlord can charge for rent. How much rent is, when and where it is due, and what forms of payment are acceptable should all be spelled out in the lease.
If the tenant fails to pay rent on time and in full, they may accrue a late fee. In Wyoming, there are no laws governing how much a late fee can be or when it can be charged, but a late fee policy must be spelled out in the lease. If there is no late fee policy in the lease, the landlord is not legally entitled to charge a late fee.
In a Month to Month Lease, the landlord can alter the rent at will by giving the tenant one (1) month’s written notice. In a One Year Lease, or other long term leases, the rent cannot be altered unless a provision in the lease allows for an alteration.
In Wyoming, regardless of the type of lease, if the tenant has failed to pay rent, damaged the property, interfered with another tenant in another unit’s enjoyment of their property or otherwise failed in their duties as a tenant, the landlord may serve the tenant with an Unconditional Quit Notice. This gives the tenant three (3) days to vacate before the landlord can file for eviction.
Once the three days are up, the landlord must go to the local court system and seek an eviction notice. Until a landlord has obtained an eviction notice, they cannot attempt to force the tenant. Attempts to force the tenant include, but are not limited to, changing locks, installing a deadbolt, tampering with utilities or removing the tenant’s property.
In Wyoming rental discrimination (IE, refusing to rent, denying housing is available, altering rent) for the following reasons is illegal:
- race, color, national origin, religion, sex, family status, physical or mental disability
- note that age, gender identity and sexual orientation are not covered
Landlord’s Right to Enter
There are no State laws governing a landlord’s right to enter in Wyoming. As such, it is governed by what is known as Common Law. Under common law a landlord is required to give the tenant at least twenty four (24) hours notice before entering a property, and can only enter at a reasonable time and for a reasonable purpose. In an emergency, the landlord does not need to give the tenant notice before entering.